Resources

Here you’ll find a vast collection of [mostly, but not entirely, scholarly] books that I’ve used, read, and/or come into contact with throughout my years of research – these books and articles make up the essential DNA of my lectures here

If a specific subject interests you, here’s a decent place to start doing some of your own research. I’ve included a number of affiliate links to where these books might be purchased as well, though unfortunately I cannot provide links for journal articles (these must be accessed through a restricted service such as JSTOR).  There’s much more where this all came from – this list is in no way exhaustive – but I plan to add to this overtime…

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Books

History

Basu, Analabha, Namita Mukherjee, Sangita Roy, Sanghamitra Sengupta, Sanat Banerjee, and Madan Chakraborty. “Ethnic India: A Genomic View, with Special Reference to Peopling and Structure.” Genome Research 13, 2003: 2277-2290.

Casson, Lionel. “The Thracians.” The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, New Series 35, No. 1 (1977): 2-6.

Cohen, John M. (Trans.), The Conquest of New Spain by Bernal Diaz del Castillo. Penguin Classics, 2003.

Damon, Cynthia. Tacitus: Histories Book I. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. 

Dimitrova, Nora. “Inscriptions and Iconography in the Monuments of the Thracian Rider.” Hesperia 71, No. 2, 2002: 209-229.

Finkelberg, Margalit. “Anatolian Languages and Indo-European Migrations to Greece.” The Classical World 91 (1), 1997: 3-20.

Frazer, James George. The Golden Bough. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Friedlander, Walter J. The Golden Wand of Medicine: a History of the Caduceus Symbol in Medicine. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1992.

Finkelberg, Margalit. “Anatolian Languages and Indo-European Migrations to Greece.” The Classical World 91 (1), 1997: 3-20.

Gamkrelidze, Thomas, and Vjaceslav Ivanov. Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans: A Reconstruction and Historical Analysis of a Proto-Language and a Proto-Culture. New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1995.

Gimbutas, Marija A. The Gods and Goddesses of Old Europe: 7000 to 3500 BC Myths, Legends and Cult Images. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1974.

Hodge, Carleton T. “Indo-Europeans in the near East.” Anthropological Linguistics 35 (1), 1993: 90-108.

Laneri, N. Performing Death: Social Analyses of Funerary Traditions in the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean. Michigan: McNaughton & Gunn, 2007.

Larson, Jennifer. Ancient Greek Cults: A Guide. New York and London: Routledge, 2007.

Lincoln, Bruce. “The Indo-European Myth of Creation.” History of Religions 15 (2), 1975: 121-145.

Macqueen, J. G. “Hattian Mythology and Hittite Monarchy.” Anatolian Studies 9, 1959: 171-188.

Mallory, J.P. In Search of the Indo-Europeans: Language, Archaeology and Myth. London: Thames and Hudson, 1989.

Marr, Timothy. The Cultural Roots of American Islamicism.  Cambridge University Press, (2006).

McGovern, Patrick E. Ancient Wine: The Search for the Origins of Viniculture. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003.

Mellor, Ronald. Tacitus. New York: Routledge, 1993.

Orel, V. E. “Phrygian Religion and Rituals and Non-Indoeuropean Components.” Orpheus 11, 1990: 107-109.

Renfrew, Colin. Archaeology & Language: The Puzzle of Indo-European Origins. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Roller, Lynn E. In Search of God the Mother: The Cult of Anatolian Cybele. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.

Rupke, Jorg, ed. A Companion to Roman Religion. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2007.

Vanderkam, James, and Peter Flint. Meaning of the Dead Sea Scrolls: Their Significance For Understanding the Bible, Judaism, Jesus, and Christianity. London: T&T Clark International, 2005.

Venedikov, Ivan. “Thrace.” The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, New Series 35 (1), 1977: 72-80.

Ventris, Michael, and John Chadwick. Documents in Mycenaean Greek, second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973.

Vermaseren, Maarten. Cybele and Attis: The Myth and the Cult. London: Thames and Hudson, 1977.

Hermeticism – Magic – Alchemy

Bever, Edward. The Realities of Witchcraft and Popular Magic in Early Modern Europe. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2008.

Collins, Derek. Magic in the Ancient Greek World. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2008.

Cramer, Frederick. Astrology in Roman Law and Politics. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1954.

Dodds, E. R. The Greeks and the Irrational. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1951.

Finkelberg, Margalit. “Anatolian Languages and Indo-European Migrations to Greece.” The Classical World 91 (1), 1997: 3-20.

Heinrich, Clark. Magic Mushrooms in Religion and Alchemy. Rochester: Park Street Press, 2002.

Panayotopoulous, D. J., and D. D. Chisholm. “Hallucinogenic Effect of Nutmeg.” British Medical Journal, 1970: 754.

Pingree, David. Picatrix: The Latin Version. London: The Warburg Institute, 1986.

Ripat, Pauline. “Expelling Misconceptions: Astrologers at Rome.” Classical Philology 106, 2, 2011: 115-154.

Rives, J.B. “Marginalized Persons: Magicians and Astrologers.” In The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World, by Michael Peachin, 679-692. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Ethnobotany

Alvarez, A. “Drugs & Inspiration.”  Social Research, vol. 68, No. 3 (2001): 779-793.

Balick, Michael J., and Paul A. Cox. Plants, People and Culture: The Science of Ethnobotany. New York: Scientific American Library, 1996.

Baumann, H. Greek Wild Flowers and Plant Lore in Ancient Greece. London: Herbert, 1993.

De Rios, Marlene Dobkin. “The Influence of Psychotropic Flora and Fauna on Maya Religion [and Comments and Reply].” Current Anthropology 15, Vol. 2, 1974: 147-164.

Gelm, József, Rodham E. Tulloss, Gary A. Laursen, Nina A. Sazanova, and D.L. Taylor. “Evidence for strong inter- and intracontinental phylogeographic structure in Amanita Muscaria, a wind-dispersed ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete.” Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48, 2008: 694–701.

Griffiths, R.R., W.A. Richards, M.W. Johnson, U.D. McCann, and R. Jesse. “Mystical-type Experiences Occasioned by Psilocybin Mediate the Attribution of Personal Meaning and Spiritual Significance 14 Months Later.” Journal of Psychopharmacology 22 (6), 2008: 621–632.

Heinrich, Clark. Magic Mushrooms in Religion and Alchemy. Rochester: Park Street Press, 2002.

Lowy, B. “Amanita Muscaria and the Thunderbolt Legend in Guatemala and Mexico.” Mycologia, Vol 66, 1974: 188-191.

McGovern, Patrick E. Ancient Wine: The Search for the Origins of Viniculture. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003.

Merlin, M.D. “Archaeological Evidence for the Tradition of Psychoactive Plant Use in the Old World.” Economic Botany 57, No. 3, 2003: 295-323.

Michelot, D., and L.M. Melendez-Howell. “Amanita Muscaria: Chemistry, Biology, Toxicology, and Ethnomycology.” Mycological Research 107 (2), 2003: 131–146.

Oda, Takashi, Chihiro Tanaka, and Mitsuya Tsuda. “Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the widely distributed Amanita species, A. muscaria and A. pantherina.” Mycol. Res. 108 (8), 2004: 885–896.

Panayotopoulous, D. J., and D. D. Chisholm. “Hallucinogenic Effect of Nutmeg.” British Medical Journal, 1970: 754.

Rees, Bettye J., Richard Cracknell, Adam Marchant, and David A. Orlovich. “A Near-Fatal Case Consistent with Mushroom Poisoning due to Amanita Species.” Australasian Mycologist 28, 2009: 23–28.

Riedlinger, Thomas J. The Sacred Mushroom Seeker: Essays for R. Gordon Wasson. Portland: Dioscorides Press, 1990.

Riedlinger, Thomas J. “Wasson’s Alternative Candidates for Soma.” Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 25 (2), 1993: 149-156.

Rinella, Michael. Pharmakon: Plato, Drug Culture, and Identity in Ancient Athens. Plymouth: Lexington Books, 2010.

Ruck, Carl. Sacred Mushrooms of the Goddess. Berkeley: Ronin Publishing, 2006.

Ruck, Carl, B. Staples, and Clark Heinrich. The Apples of Apollo. Durham: Carolina Academic Press, 2001.

Ruck, Carl, M.A. Hoffman, and J. Celdrán. Mushrooms, Myth & Mithras: The Drug Cult that Civilized Europe. San Francisco: City Lights Books, 2011.

Saar, Maret. “Ethnomycological Data from Siberia and North-East Asia on the Effect of Amanita Muscaria.” Journal of Ethnopharmacology 31, 1991: 157-173.

Satora, Leszek, Dorota Pach, Beata Butryn, Piotr Hydzik, and Barbara Balicka-Slusarczyk. “Fly Agaric (Amanita Muscaria) Poisoning, Case Report and Review.” Toxicon 45, 2005: 941–943.

Schultes, Richard Evan. Hallucinogenic Plants. New York: Golden Press, 1976.

Spiller, H., J. Hale, and J. De Boer. “The Delphic Oracle: A Multidisciplinary Defense of the Gaseous Vent Theory.” Clinical Toxicology 40 (2) (189–196.), 2002: 189–196.

Stanislawski, Dan. “Dionysus Westward: Early Religion and the Economic Geography of Wine.” Geographical Review 65 (4) , 1975: 427-444.

Stříbrný, Jan, Miloš Sokol, Barbora Merová, and Peter Ondra. “GC/MS Determination of Ibotenic Acid and Muscimol in the Urine of Patients Intoxicated with Amanita Pantherina.” International Journal of Legal Medicine 126, 2012: 519-524.

Trim, G.M., et al. “Poisoning by Amanita phalloides (“death cap”) mushrooms in the Australian Capital Territory.” Medical Journal of Australia 171, 1999: 247-249.

Tsujikawa, Kenji, Hiroyuki Mohri, and Kenji Kuwayama. “Analysis of Hallucinogenic Constituents in Amanita Mushrooms Circulated in Japan.” Forensic Science International 164, 2006: 172–178.

Tsunoda, K., Inoue N., Aoyagi Y., and T. Sugahara. “Change in Ibotenic Acid and Muscimol Contents in Amanita Muscaria During Drying, Storing or Cooking.” J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jpn. 34, 1993: 153–160.

Tsunoda, K., Inoue N., Aoyagi Y., and T. Sugahara. “Changes in Concentration of Ibotenic Acid and Muscimol in the Fruit Body of Amanita Muscaria During Reproduction Stage.” J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jpn. 34, 1993: 18–24.

Vetter, J. “Toxins of Amanita phalloides.” Toxicon 36, 1998: 13–24.

Walsh, Roger. “Entheogens: True or False?” The International Journal of Transpersonal Studies 22, 2003: 1-4.

Waser, K.F.G. “The Pharmacology of Amanita Muscaria.” In Ethnopharmacological Search for Psychoactive Drugs, by D.H. Efron, B. Holmstedt and N.S. Kline, 419–439. Washington DC: U.S. Public Health Service Publication, 1979.

Wasson, R. Gordon. “Soma Brought Up-to-Date.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 99 (1), 1979: 100-105.

—. Soma, Divine Mushroom of Immortality. New York: Harcourt, Brace & Company, 1968.

Wasson, R. Gordon. “The Soma of the Rig Veda: What Was It?” Journal of the American Oriental Society, 1971: 169-187.

—. The Wondrous Mushroom: Mycolatry in Mesoamerica. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1980.

Wasson, R. Gordon, Albert Hofmann, and Carl Ruck. The Road to Eleusis. Berkeley: North Atlantic Books, 2008.

Wasson, R. Gordon, Stella Kramrisch, Johnathan Ott, and Carl Ruck. Persephone’s Quest: Entheogens and the Origins of Religion. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1986.

Watling, R. “Hallucinogenic Mushrooms.” J. Forensic Sci. Soc. 23, 1983: 53-66.

Watts, Alan. “Psychedelics and Religious Experience.” California Law Review 56, 1968: 74-85.

Webster, Peter, Daniel M. Perrine, and Carl A.P. Ruck. “Mixing the Kykeon.” Journal of Psychoactive Plants and Compounds New Series 4, 2000: 2-25.

Linguistics

Burrow, Thomas. The Sanskrit Language. London: Faber & Faber, 1955.

Finkelberg, Margalit. “Anatolian Languages and Indo-European Migrations to Greece.” The Classical World 91 (1), 1997: 3-20.

Gamkrelidze, Thomas, and Vjaceslav Ivanov. Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans: A Reconstruction and Historical Analysis of a Proto-Language and a Proto-Culture. New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1995.

Goebel, A. “Das suffix ϑες in seinem Verhältnisse zum suff. ες oder die neutra in ϑος.” Gebiete des Deutschen,Griechischen und Lateinischen 11, 1862: 53-63.

Gray, Russell D, and Quentin D Atkinson. “Language-Tree Divergence Times Support the Anatolian Theory of Indo-European Origin.” Nature 426, 2003: 435-439.

Hodge, Carleton T. “Indo-Europeans in the near East.” Anthropological Linguistics 35 (1), 1993: 90-108.

Jackson, Peter. “Light from Distant Asterisks: Towards a Description of the Indo-European Religious Heritage.” Numen 49 (1), 2002: 61-102.

Laufer, Berthold. “Origin of the Word Shaman.” American Anthropologist, New Series 19 (3), 1917: 361-371.

Mallory, J.P. In Search of the Indo-Europeans: Language, Archaeology and Myth. London: Thames and Hudson, 1989.

Puhvel, Jaan. Hittite Etymological Dictionary Vol. 3 Words beginning with H. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 1984.

Renfrew, Colin. Archaeology & Language: The Puzzle of Indo-European Origins. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Ventris, Michael, and John Chadwick. Documents in Mycenaean Greek, second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973.

Mystery Cults

Alvar, Jaime. Romanising Oriental Gods: Myth, Salvation and Ethics in the Cults of Cybele, Isis and Mithras. Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2008.

Angus, Samuel. Mystery Religions and Christianity (1925 Reprint). Whitefish: Kessinger, 2003.

Aronen, Jaakko. “Dragon Cults and νύμφη δράκαινα in IGUR 974.” Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 111 (1996): 125-132.

Beck, Roger. “Ritual, Myth, Doctrine, and Initiation in the Mysteries of Mithras: New Evidence from a Cult Vessel.” The Journal of Roman Studies, 2000: 145-180.

Bober, Phyllis Pray. “The Mithraic Symbolism of Mercury Carrying the Infant Bacchus.” The Harvard Theological Review 39 (1), 1946: 75-84.

Bremmer, Jan N. “Attis: A Greek God in Anatolian Pessinous and Catullan Rome.” Mnemosyne IV 57 (5), 2004: 534-573.

Bremmer, Jan. Greek Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Bremmer, Jan. The Early Greek Concept of the Soul. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983.

Burkert, Walter. Ancient Mystery Cults. London: Harvard University Press, 1989.

Burkert, Walter. Greek Religion. London: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Burkert, Walter. Homo Necans: The Anthropology of Ancient Greek Sacrificial Ritual and Myth. Burkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1983.

Burton, Paul J. “The Summoning of the Magna Mater to Rome (205 B.C.).” Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte 45, Vol. 1, 1996: 36-63.

Diakonoff, I.M. “On Cybele and Attis in Phrygia and Lydia.” AAntHung 25, 1977: 333-340.

Dodds, E. R. The Greeks and the Irrational. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1951.

Eliade, Mircea. Images and Symbols: Studies in Religious Symbolism. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.

Eliade, Mircea. Shamanism: Archaic Techniques of Ecstasy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1964.

Eliade, Mircea, and Willard R. Trask (trans.). The Sacred and Profane: The Nature of Religion. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1961.

Eliade, Mircea and Willard R. Trask. “Zalmoxis.” History of Religions 11, No. 3 (1972): 257-302.

Elliott, Susan M. “Choose Your Mother, Choose Your Master: Galatians 4:21-5:1 in the Shadow of the Anatolian Mother of the Gods.” Journal of Biblical Literature 118 (4), 1999: 661-683.

Evans, Arthur J. “Mycenaean Tree and Pillar Cult and Its Mediterranean Relations.” The Journal of Hellenic Studies 21, 1901: 99-204.

Evans, Nancy A. “Sanctuaries, Sacrifices, and the Eleusinian Mysteries.” Numen, Vol. 49, No. 3 (2002): 227-254.

Ferwerda, R. “Le Serpent, le noeud d’Hercule et le caducée d’Hermès. Sur un passage orphique chez Athénagore.” Numen 20 (2), 1973: 104-115.

Frazer, James George. The Golden Bough. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Friedlander, Walter J. The Golden Wand of Medicine: a History of the Caduceus Symbol in Medicine. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1992.

Gasparro, Giulia Sfameni. Soteriology and Mystic Aspects in the Cult of Cybele and Attis. Leiden: Brill, 1985.

Griffiths, R.R., W.A. Richards, M.W. Johnson, U.D. McCann, and R. Jesse. “Mystical-type Experiences Occasioned by Psilocybin Mediate the Attribution of Personal Meaning and Spiritual Significance 14 Months Later.” Journal of Psychopharmacology 22 (6), 2008: 621–632.

Guthrie, William Keith Chambers. Orpheus and Greek Religion: a Study of the Orphic Movement.  Princeton: Princeton University Press: 1993.

Henrichs, A. “The Sophists and Hellenistic Religion: Prodicus as the Spiritual Father of the Isis Aretalogy.” HSCP 88, 1984: 139-158.

Hillman, D.C.A. The Chemical Muse: Drug Use and the Roots of Western Civilization. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2008.

Irvin, J.R. The Holy Mushroom: Evidence of Mushrooms in Judeo-Christianity, A Critical Re-Evaluation of the Schism Between John M. Allegro and R. Gordon Wasson Over the Theory on the Entheogenic Origins of Christianity Presented in The Sacred Mushroom and the Cross. Los Angeles: Gnostic Media Research and Publishing, 2009.

Kerényi, Carl. Dionysos: Archetypal Image of Indestructible Life. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976.

Lader, M.H. “Soma and Psyche.” British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition), Vol. 287, No. 6409, 1983: 1906-1908.

Larson, Jennifer. Ancient Greek Cults: A Guide. New York and London: Routledge, 2007.

Legge, F. “The Most Ancient Goddess Cybele.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 1917: 695-714.

Louis, Richard. “Juvénal et les galles de Cybèle.” Revue de l’Histoire des Religions 169, No. 1, 1966: 51-57.

Luck, Georg. Arcana Mundi: Magic & the Occult in the Greek & Roman Worlds. London: John Hopkins University Press, 1985.

Meyer, Marvin. The Ancient Mysteries: A Sourcebook of Sacred Texts. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999.

Mylonas, George E.  “Eleusis and the Eleusinian Mysteries.”  The Classical Journal, Vol. 43, No. 3 (1947): 130-146.

Nauta, Ruurd R. “Catullus 63 in a Roman Context.” Mnemosyne IV 57 (5), 2004: 596-628.

Orlin, Eric M. “Foreign Cults in Republican Rome:  Rethinking the Pomerial Rule.” Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome, Vol. 47 (2002).

Otto, Walter F. Dionysus: Myth and Cult. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1965.

Picard, Charles. “Le théâtre des mystères de Cybèle-Attis à Vienne (Isère), et les théâtres pour représentations sacrées à travers le monde Méditerranéen.” Comptes-rendus des séances de l’Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 99, No. 2, 1955: 229-248.

Riedlinger, Thomas J. The Sacred Mushroom Seeker: Essays for R. Gordon Wasson. Portland: Dioscorides Press, 1990.

Rinella, Michael. Pharmakon: Plato, Drug Culture, and Identity in Ancient Athens. Plymouth: Lexington Books, 2010.

Roller, Lynn E. “Attis on Greek Votive Monuments: Greek God or Phrygian?” Hesperia: The Journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens 63 (2), 1994: 245-262.

Roller, Lynn E. In Search of God the Mother: The Cult of Anatolian Cybele. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.

Roller, Lynn E. “The Great Mother at Gordion: The Hellenization of an Anatolian Cult.” The Journal of Hellenic Studies 111, 1991: 128-143.

Roscoe, Will. “Priests of the Goddess: Gender Transgression in Ancient Religion.” History of Religions 35 (3), 1996: 195-230.

Ruck, Carl. Sacred Mushrooms of the Goddess. Berkeley: Ronin Publishing, 2006.

Ruck, Carl, B. Staples, and Clark Heinrich. The Apples of Apollo. Durham: Carolina Academic Press, 2001.

Ruck, Carl, M.A. Hoffman, and J. Celdrán. Mushrooms, Myth & Mithras: The Drug Cult that Civilized Europe. San Francisco: City Lights Books, 2011.

Rutter, Jeremy B. “The Three Phases of the Taurobolium.” Phoenix 22, No. 3, 1968: 226-249.

Spiller, H., J. Hale, and J. De Boer. “The Delphic Oracle: A Multidisciplinary Defense of the Gaseous Vent Theory.” Clinical Toxicology 40 (2) (189–196.), 2002: 189–196.

Turcan, Robert. The Cults of the Roman Empire. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 1996.

Vassileva, Maya. “Further Considerations on the Cult of Kybele.” Anatolian Studies 51, 2001: 51-63.

Vermaseren, Maarten. Cybele and Attis: The Myth and the Cult. London: Thames and Hudson, 1977.

Walton, Francis R.  “Athens, Eleusis, and the Homeric Hymn to Demeter.”  The Harvard Theological Review, Vol. 45, No. 2 (Apr., 1952): 105-114.

Webster, Peter.  “Mixing the Kykeon.”  Eleusis: Journal of Psychoactive plants and Compounds, Vol. 4 (2000): 1-25.

Willoughby, Harold R. “Pagan Regeneration: A Study of Mystery Initiations in the Graeco-Roman World.” Bibliolife, 1929.

Zachariades, George Elias. “The Anabasis and Katabasis in Eleusis.” The Classical Weekly, Vol. 36, No. 10 (1943): 113-115.

Philosophy

Henrichs, A. “The Sophists and Hellenistic Religion: Prodicus as the Spiritual Father of the Isis Aretalogy.” HSCP 88, 1984: 139-158.

Hillman, D.C.A. The Chemical Muse: Drug Use and the Roots of Western Civilization. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2008.

McEvilley, Thomas. The Shape of Ancient Thought: Comparative Studies in Greek and Indian Philosophies. Skyhorse Publishing, 2002.

Nietzsche, Friedrich. The Birth of Tragedy and The Geneaology of Morals. New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1956.

Rinella, Michael. Pharmakon: Plato, Drug Culture, and Identity in Ancient Athens. Plymouth: Lexington Books, 2010.

 

Psychedelics/Psychoactive Substances/Hallucinogenic Plants

Alvarez, A. “Drugs & Inspiration.”  Social Research, vol. 68, No. 3 (2001): 779-793.

Allegro, John M. The Sacred Mushroom and the Cross: A Study of Nature and Origins of Christianity within the Fertility Cults of the Ancient Near East. Los Angeles: Gnostic Media Research and Publishing, 1970.

Benjamin, D.R. “Mushroom Poisoning in Infants and Children: the Amanita Pantheria/Muscaria Group.” Journal of Toxicology: Clinical Toxicology 30 (1), 1992: 13-22.

Berlant, Stephen R. “The Entheomycological Origin of Egyptian Crowns and the Esoteric Underpinnings of Egyptian Religion.” Journal of Ethnopharmacology 102, 2005: 275-288.

Berridge Virginia, “Victorian Opium Eating: Responses to Opiate Use in Nineteenth-Century England.”  Victorian Studies, Vol. 21, No. 4 (1978): 437-461.

Booth, Martin. Cannabis: A History. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2003.

Booth, Martin. Opium: A History. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 1996.

Brvar, Miran, Martin Mozina, and Matjaz Bunc. “Prolonged Psychosis after Amanita Muscaria Ingestion.” The Middle European Journal of Medicine, 2006: 294–297.

Ceraso, Antonio. “Entheogens and the Public Mystery: The Rhetoric of R. Gordon Wasson.” Configurations 16, No. 2 , 2008: 215-243.

Connor, D.J., P.J. Langlais, and L.J. Thal. “Behavioral impairments after lesion of the nucleus basalis by ibotenic acid and quisqualic acid.” Brain Research 555, 1991: 84–90.

Czigány, L.G. “The Use of Hallucinogens and the Shamanistic Tradition of the Finno-Ugrian People.” The Slavonic and East European Review 58, No. 2, 1980: 212-217.

Dannaway, Frederick. “Thunder Among the Pines: Defining a Pan-Asian Soma.” Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 41 (1), 2009: 67-84.

De Rios, Marlene Dobkin. “The Influence of Psychotropic Flora and Fauna on Maya Religion [and Comments and Reply].” Current Anthropology 15, Vol. 2, 1974: 147-164.

Diaz, Jose Luis. “Ethnopharmacology of Sacred Psychoactive Plants used by the Indians of Mexico.” Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology 17, 1977: 647-675.

Gelm, József, Rodham E. Tulloss, Gary A. Laursen, Nina A. Sazanova, and D.L. Taylor. “Evidence for strong inter- and intracontinental phylogeographic structure in Amanita Muscaria, a wind-dispersed ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete.” Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48, 2008: 694–701.

Grehan, James.  “Smoking and ‘Early Modern’ Sociability: The Great Tobacco Debate in the Ottoman Middle East (Seventeenth to Eighteenth Centuries).” The American Historical Review, Vol. 111, No. 5 (December, 2006): 1352-1377.

Griffiths, R.R., W.A. Richards, M.W. Johnson, U.D. McCann, and R. Jesse. “Mystical-type Experiences Occasioned by Psilocybin Mediate the Attribution of Personal Meaning and Spiritual Significance 14 Months Later.” Journal of Psychopharmacology 22 (6), 2008: 621–632.

Hajicek-Dobberstein, Scott. “Soma Siddhas and Alchemical Enlightenment: Psychedelic Mushrooms in Buddhist Tradition.” Journal of Ethnopharmacology 48, 1995: 99-118.

Harner, M. Hallucinogens and Shamanism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1973.

Heim, Roger. Les champignons toxiques et hallucinogènes. Paris: Boubée & C., 1963.

Hillman, D.C.A. The Chemical Muse: Drug Use and the Roots of Western Civilization. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2008.

Hodgson, Barbara.  Opium: A Portrait of the Heavenly Demon.  Toronto: Greystone Books, 1999.

Kerényi, Carl. Dionysos: Archetypal Image of Indestructible Life. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976.

Lader, M.H. “Soma and Psyche.” British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition), Vol. 287, No. 6409, 1983: 1906-1908.

Lévi-Strauss, Claude. “Les Champignons dans la culture. A propos d’un livre de M. R. G. Wasson.” L’Homme 10, 1970: 5-16.

Lowy, B. “Amanita Muscaria and the Thunderbolt Legend in Guatemala and Mexico.” Mycologia, Vol 66, 1974: 188-191.

McGovern, Patrick E. Ancient Wine: The Search for the Origins of Viniculture. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003.

McKenna, Terence. Food of the Gods: The Search for the Original Tree of Knowledge A Radical History of Plants, Drugs, and Human Evolution. Westminster: Bantam, 1993.

Merlin, M.D. “Archaeological Evidence for the Tradition of Psychoactive Plant Use in the Old World.” Economic Botany 57, No. 3, 2003: 295-323.

Metzner, Ralph. “Hallucinogenic Drugs and Plants in Psychotherapy and Shamanism.” Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 30 (4), 1998: 1-10.

Michelot, D., and L.M. Melendez-Howell. “Amanita Muscaria: Chemistry, Biology, Toxicology, and Ethnomycology.” Mycological Research 107 (2), 2003: 131–146.

Oda, Takashi, Chihiro Tanaka, and Mitsuya Tsuda. “Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the widely distributed Amanita species, A. muscaria and A. pantherina.” Mycol. Res. 108 (8), 2004: 885–896.

Panayotopoulous, D. J., and D. D. Chisholm. “Hallucinogenic Effect of Nutmeg.” British Medical Journal, 1970: 754.

Rees, Bettye J., Richard Cracknell, Adam Marchant, and David A. Orlovich. “A Near-Fatal Case Consistent with Mushroom Poisoning due to Amanita Species.” Australasian Mycologist 28, 2009: 23–28.

Richards, William A. “Entheogens in the Study of Religious Experiences: Current Status.” Journal of Religion and Health, 2005: 377-389.

Riedlinger, Thomas J. “Wasson’s Alternative Candidates for Soma.” Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 25 (2), 1993: 149-156.

Rinella, Michael. Pharmakon: Plato, Drug Culture, and Identity in Ancient Athens. Plymouth: Lexington Books, 2010.

Ruck, Carl. Sacred Mushrooms of the Goddess. Berkeley: Ronin Publishing, 2006.

Ruck, Carl, B. Staples, and Clark Heinrich. The Apples of Apollo. Durham: Carolina Academic Press, 2001.

Ruck, Carl, M.A. Hoffman, and J. Celdrán. Mushrooms, Myth & Mithras: The Drug Cult that Civilized Europe. San Francisco: City Lights Books, 2011. (http://amzn.to/1JMLRQM)

Shulgin, A. T. “Possible Implication of Myristicin as a Psychotropic Substance.” Nature 210, 5034, 1966: 380-384.

Spiller, H., J. Hale, and J. De Boer. “The Delphic Oracle: A Multidisciplinary Defense of the Gaseous Vent Theory.” Clinical Toxicology 40 (2) (189–196.), 2002: 189–196.

Stříbrný, Jan, Miloš Sokol, Barbora Merová, and Peter Ondra. “GC/MS Determination of Ibotenic Acid and Muscimol in the Urine of Patients Intoxicated with Amanita Pantherina.” International Journal of Legal Medicine 126, 2012: 519-524.

 

 

Religion

Aronen, Jaakko. “Dragon Cults and νύμφη δράκαινα in IGUR 974.” Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 111 (1996): 125-132

Askitopoulou, H., E. Konsolaki, I. Ramoutsaki, and E. Anastassaki. “Surgical Cures by Sleep Induction as the Asclepieion of Epidaurus.” The History of Anesthesia: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium. Amsterdam: Excerpta Medica: International Congress Series 1242, 2002. 11-17.

Bomati, Yves. “Les Légendes Dionysiaques en Etrurie.” REL, 1984: 87-107.

Bremmer, Jan. Greek Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994. (http://amzn.to/1OkfQhD)

Bremmer, Jan. The Early Greek Concept of the Soul. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983. (http://amzn.to/1OkfWpH)
Brown, Peter.  Augustine of Hippo.  University of California Press, 2000. (http://amzn.to/1Qe2rKG)

Burkert, Walter. Greek Religion. London: Cambridge University Press, 1985. (http://amzn.to/1N9vto6)

Burkert, Walter. Homo Necans: The Anthropology of Ancient Greek Sacrificial Ritual and Myth. Burkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1983. (http://amzn.to/1OkgdZI)

Burton, Paul J. “The Summoning of the Magna Mater to Rome (205 B.C.).” Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte 45, Vol. 1, 1996: 36-63.

Calderon, George. “Slavonic Elements in Greek Religion.” The Classical Review 27 (3), 1913: 79-81.

Collins, Derek. Magic in the Ancient Greek World. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2008. (http://amzn.to/1JRv8Mb)

De Vogel, C. J. “Platonism and Christianity: A Mere Antagonism or a Profound Common Ground?” Vigiliae Christianae, Vol. 39, No. 1 (Mar., 1985), pp. 1-62.

Diakonoff, I.M. “On Cybele and Attis in Phrygia and Lydia.” AAntHung 25, 1977: 333-340.

Dimitrova, Nora. “Inscriptions and Iconography in the Monuments of the Thracian Rider.” Hesperia 71, No. 2, 2002: 209-229.

Eliade, Mircea. Images and Symbols: Studies in Religious Symbolism. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.

Eliade, Mircea. Shamanism: Archaic Techniques of Ecstasy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1964.

Eliade, Mircea, and Willard (trans.) Trask. The Sacred and Profane: The Nature of Religion. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1961.

Elliott, Susan M. “Choose Your Mother, Choose Your Master: Galatians 4:21-5:1 in the Shadow of the Anatolian Mother of the Gods.” Journal of Biblical Literature 118 (4), 1999: 661-683.

Evans, Arthur J. “Mycenaean Tree and Pillar Cult and Its Mediterranean Relations.” The Journal of Hellenic Studies 21, 1901: 99-204.

Frazer, James George. The Golden Bough. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Gasparro, Giulia Sfameni. Soteriology and Mystic Aspects in the Cult of Cybele and Attis. Leiden: Brill, 1985.

Gignoux, P. “Corps Osseux et Ame Osseuse: Essai sur le Chamanisme dans l’Iran Ancien.” Journal Asiatique 267, 1979: 41-79.

Gimbutas, Marija A. The Gods and Goddesses of Old Europe: 7000 to 3500 BC Myths, Legends and Cult Images. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1974.

Guthrie, William Keith Chambers. Orpheus and Greek Religion: a Study of the Orphic Movement.  Princeton: Princeton University Press: 1993.

Harner, M. Hallucinogens and Shamanism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1973.

Henrichs, A. “The Sophists and Hellenistic Religion: Prodicus as the Spiritual Father of the Isis Aretalogy.” HSCP 88, 1984: 139-158.

Hillman, D.C.A. The Chemical Muse: Drug Use and the Roots of Western Civilization. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2008.

Inge, W.R. “The Permanent Influence of Neoplatonism upon Christianity.” The American Journal of Theology, Vol. 4, No. 2 (Apr., 1900), pp. 328-344.

Irvin, J.R. The Holy Mushroom: Evidence of Mushrooms in Judeo-Christianity, A Critical Re-Evaluation of the Schism Between John M. Allegro and R. Gordon Wasson Over the Theory on the Entheogenic Origins of Christianity Presented in The Sacred Mushroom and the Cross. Los Angeles: Gnostic Media Research and Publishing, 2009.

Jackson, Peter. “Light from Distant Asterisks: Towards a Description of the Indo-European Religious Heritage.” Numen 49 (1), 2002: 61-102.

Jacquesson, François. “Le Miel et l’Amanite. Linguistique et Paléoethnographie.” Médiévales 16-17, 1989: 171-178.

Kerényi, Carl. Dionysos: Archetypal Image of Indestructible Life. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976.

Korom, Frank J. “Of Navels and Mountains: A Further Inquiry into the History of an Idea.” Asian Folklore Studies 51, 1, 1992: 103-125.

Kinsley, David R. Hindu Goddesses: Visions of the Divine Feminine in the Hindu Religious Tradition. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1998.

Laneri, N. Performing Death: Social Analyses of Funerary Traditions in the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean. Michigan: McNaughton & Gunn, 2007.

Larson, Jennifer. Ancient Greek Cults: A Guide. New York and London: Routledge, 2007.

Lechler, George. “The Tree of Life in Indo-European and Islamic Cultures.” Ars Islamica 4, 1937: 369-419.

Legge, F. “The Most Ancient Goddess Cybele.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 1917: 695-714.

Lévi-Strauss, Claude. “Les Champignons dans la culture. A propos d’un livre de M. R. G. Wasson.” L’Homme 10, 1970: 5-16.

Lincoln, Bruce. “The Indo-European Myth of Creation.” History of Religions 15 (2), 1975: 121-145.

Louis, Richard. “Juvénal et les galles de Cybèle.” Revue de l’Histoire des Religions 169, No. 1, 1966: 51-57.

McCabe, Joseph. “The Conversion of St. Augustine.” International Journal of Ethics, Vol. 12, No. 4 (1902): 450-459.

McKenna, Terence. Food of the Gods: The Search for the Original Tree of Knowledge A Radical History of Plants, Drugs, and Human Evolution. Westminster: Bantam, 1993.

Monroe, Mervin. “Augustine’s Use of Scripture.” Church History, Vol. 14, No. 3 (Sep., 1945), pp. 188-200.

O’Flaherty, Wendy Doniger. “Dionysus and Siva: Parallel Patterns in Two Pairs of Myths.” History of Religions 20 (1), 1980: 81-111.

O’Flaherty, Wendy Doniger. The Origins of Evil in Hindu Mythology. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.

Orel, V. E. “Phrygian Religion and Rituals and Non-Indoeuropean Components.” Orpheus 11, 1990: 107-109.

Orlin, Eric M. “Foreign Cults in Republican Rome: Rethinking the Pomerial Rule.” Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome 47, 2002: 1-18.

Otto, Rudolf, and John Harvey. The Idea of the Holy: An Inquiry into the Non Rational Factor in the Idea of the Divine. Kessinger, 1926.

Otto, Walter F. Dionysus: Myth and Cult. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1965.

Pavry, Jal Dastur C.  “Manichaeism. A Rival of Zoroastrianism and Christianity” The Journal of Religion, Vol. 17, No. 2 (Apr., 1937), pp. 161-169.

Roller, Lynn E. In Search of God the Mother: The Cult of Anatolian Cybele. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.

Rupke, Jorg, ed. A Companion to Roman Religion. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2007.

Smith, Homer W. Man and his Gods. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1957.

Vanderkam, James, and Peter Flint. Meaning of the Dead Sea Scrolls: Their Significance For Understanding the Bible, Judaism, Jesus, and Christianity. London: T&T Clark International, 2005.

Vassileva, Maya. “Further Considerations on the Cult of Kybele.” Anatolian Studies 51, 2001: 51-63.

Vermaseren, Maarten. Cybele and Attis: The Myth and the Cult. London: Thames and Hudson, 1977.

Walsh, Roger. “Entheogens: True or False?” The International Journal of Transpersonal Studies 22, 2003: 1-4.

Wasson, R. Gordon, Albert Hofmann, and Carl Ruck. The Road to Eleusis. Berkeley: North Atlantic Books, 2008.

Wasson, R. Gordon, Stella Kramrisch, Johnathan Ott, and Carl Ruck. Persephone’s Quest: Entheogens and the Origins of Religion. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1986.

Watling, R. “Hallucinogenic Mushrooms.” J. Forensic Sci. Soc. 23, 1983: 53-66.

Watts, Alan. “Psychedelics and Religious Experience.” California Law Review 56, 1968: 74-85.

Webster, Peter, Daniel M. Perrine, and Carl A.P. Ruck. “Mixing the Kykeon.” Journal of Psychoactive Plants and Compounds New Series 4, 2000: 2-25.

 

 

Shamanism

Chadwick, Nora. “Shamanism Among the Tatars of Central Asia.” The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (66), 1936: 75-112.

Czigány, L.G. “The Use of Hallucinogens and the Shamanistic Tradition of the Finno-Ugrian People.” The Slavonic and East European Review 58, No. 2, 1980: 212-217.

Dannaway, Frederick. “Thunder Among the Pines: Defining a Pan-Asian Soma.” Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 41 (1), 2009: 67-84.

De Rios, Marlene Dobkin. Hallucinogens: Cross-Cultural Perspectives. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1984.

De Rios, Marlene Dobkin. “The Influence of Psychotropic Flora and Fauna on Maya Religion [and Comments and Reply].” Current Anthropology 15, Vol. 2, 1974: 147-164.

Devereux, Paul. The Long Trip: A prehistory of Psychedelia. Brisbaine: Daily Grail, 2008.

Diaz, Jose Luis. “Ethnopharmacology of Sacred Psychoactive Plants used by the Indians of Mexico.” Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology 17, 1977: 647-675.

Eliade, Mircea. Images and Symbols: Studies in Religious Symbolism. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.

Eliade, Mircea. Shamanism: Archaic Techniques of Ecstasy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1964.

Eliade, Mircea, and Willard (trans.) Trask. The Sacred and Profane: The Nature of Religion. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1961.

Frazer, James George. The Golden Bough. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Gignoux, P. “Corps Osseux et Ame Osseuse: Essai sur le Chamanisme dans l’Iran Ancien.” Journal Asiatique 267, 1979: 41-79.

Gimbutas, Marija A. The Gods and Goddesses of Old Europe: 7000 to 3500 BC Myths, Legends and Cult Images. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1974.

Griffiths, R.R., W.A. Richards, M.W. Johnson, U.D. McCann, and R. Jesse. “Mystical-type Experiences Occasioned by Psilocybin Mediate the Attribution of Personal Meaning and Spiritual Significance 14 Months Later.” Journal of Psychopharmacology 22 (6), 2008: 621–632.

Hajicek-Dobberstein, Scott. “Soma Siddhas and Alchemical Enlightenment: Psychedelic Mushrooms in Buddhist Tradition.” Journal of Ethnopharmacology 48, 1995: 99-118.

Harner, M. Hallucinogens and Shamanism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1973.

Heim, Roger. Les champignons toxiques et hallucinogènes. Paris: Boubée & C., 1963.

Heinrich, Clark. Magic Mushrooms in Religion and Alchemy. Rochester: Park Street Press, 2002.

Hillman, D.C.A. The Chemical Muse: Drug Use and the Roots of Western Civilization. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2008.

Jacquesson, François. “Le Miel et l’Amanite. Linguistique et Paléoethnographie.” Médiévales 16-17, 1989: 171-178.

Lader, M.H. “Soma and Psyche.” British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition), Vol. 287, No. 6409, 1983: 1906-1908.

Laufer, Berthold. “Origin of the Word Shaman.” American Anthropologist, New Series 19 (3), 1917: 361-371.

Lévi-Strauss, Claude. “Les Champignons dans la culture. A propos d’un livre de M. R. G. Wasson.” L’Homme 10, 1970: 5-16.

Lowy, B. “Amanita Muscaria and the Thunderbolt Legend in Guatemala and Mexico.” Mycologia, Vol 66, 1974: 188-191.

McKenna, Terence. Food of the Gods: The Search for the Original Tree of Knowledge A Radical History of Plants, Drugs, and Human Evolution. Westminster: Bantam, 1993.

Merlin, M.D. “Archaeological Evidence for the Tradition of Psychoactive Plant Use in the Old World.” Economic Botany 57, No. 3, 2003: 295-323.

Metzner, Ralph. “Hallucinogenic Drugs and Plants in Psychotherapy and Shamanism.” Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 30 (4), 1998: 1-10.

Navet, Éric. “Les Ojibway et l’Amanite tue-mouche (Amanita muscaria): Pour une Ethnomycologie des Indiens d’Amérique du Nord.” Journal de la Société des Américanistes 74, 1988: 163-180.

Otto, Walter F. Dionysus: Myth and Cult. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1965.

Ruck, Carl. Sacred Mushrooms of the Goddess. Berkeley: Ronin Publishing, 2006.

Ruck, Carl, B. Staples, and Clark Heinrich. The Apples of Apollo. Durham: Carolina Academic Press, 2001.

Ruck, Carl, M.A. Hoffman, and J. Celdrán. Mushrooms, Myth & Mithras: The Drug Cult that Civilized Europe. San Francisco: City Lights Books, 2011.

Saar, Maret. “Ethnomycological Data from Siberia and North-East Asia on the Effect of Amanita Muscaria.” Journal of Ethnopharmacology 31, 1991: 157-173.

Satora, Leszek, Dorota Pach, Beata Butryn, Piotr Hydzik, and Barbara Balicka-Slusarczyk. “Fly Agaric (Amanita Muscaria) Poisoning, Case Report and Review.” Toxicon 45, 2005: 941–943.

Schultes, Richard Evan. Hallucinogenic Plants. New York: Golden Press, 1976.

Spiller, H., J. Hale, and J. De Boer. “The Delphic Oracle: A Multidisciplinary Defense of the Gaseous Vent Theory.” Clinical Toxicology 40 (2) (189–196.), 2002: 189–196.

Walsh, Roger. “Entheogens: True or False?” The International Journal of Transpersonal Studies 22, 2003: 1-4.

Waser, K.F.G. “The Pharmacology of Amanita Muscaria.” In Ethnopharmacological Search for Psychoactive Drugs, by D.H. Efron, B. Holmstedt and N.S. Kline, 419–439. Washington DC: U.S. Public Health Service Publication, 1979.

Wasson, R. Gordon. “Soma Brought Up-to-Date.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 99 (1), 1979: 100-105.

Wasson, R. Gordon. “The Soma of the Rig Veda: What Was It?” Journal of the American Oriental Society, 1971: 169-187.

Wasson, R. Gordon, Albert Hofmann, and Carl Ruck. The Road to Eleusis. Berkeley: North Atlantic Books, 2008.

Wasson, R. Gordon, Stella Kramrisch, Johnathan Ott, and Carl Ruck. Persephone’s Quest: Entheogens and the Origins of Religion. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1986.

Watling, R. “Hallucinogenic Mushrooms.” J. Forensic Sci. Soc. 23, 1983: 53-66.

Watts, Alan. “Psychedelics and Religious Experience.” California Law Review 56, 1968: 74-85.

Webster, Peter, Daniel M. Perrine, and Carl A.P. Ruck. “Mixing the Kykeon.” Journal of Psychoactive Plants and Compounds New Series 4, 2000: 2-25.

 

 

 

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