Encyclopedia Hermetica: A Big History (Parts 26-32)








Sympathetic Magic, Human Sacrifice, and Dido’s Rituals in Book IV of the Aeneid

Here’s a brief talk entitled “Regina Magica: ‘Sympathetic Magic,’ the φαρμακός motif, and Dido’s Rituals in Book IV of the Aeneid” in defense of the ‘magical’ character of Dido’s suicide.


Burkert, Walter. Greek Religion. London: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

DeWitt, Norman Wentworth. The Dido Episode in the Aeneid of Vergil. Toronto: William Briggs, 1907.

Dubois, Page. “The φαρμακός of Vergil: Dido as Scapegoat.” Vergilius, 1976: 14-23.

Frazer, James G. Adonis Attis Osiris: Studies in the History of Oriental Religion. New York: MacMillan and Co., 1906.

Frazer, James George. The Golden Bough. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Goud, T. E., and J. C. Yardley. “Dido’s Burning Effigy: Aeneid 4.508.” Rheinisches Museum für Philologie, Neue Folge, 131, 1988: 386-388.

Knight, W. F. J. Roman Vergil, 2nd Edition. London: Faber and Faber, 1944.

Pharr, Clyde. Vergil’s Aeneid Books I-VI. Wauconda: Bolchazy-Carducci, 1998.

Segal, Charles. Dionysiac Poetics and Euripides’ Bacchae. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1982.

As Above, So Below: A Sermon On the Seven Planets

Part I

Part II